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Water Gardens 101


4 Fundamentals of a Balanced Pond:


As much as we would like to say a healthy water garden just happens, it doesn’t. To achieve crystal clear water as well as healthy and thriving fish and plants, you must understand the 4 Fundamentals of a Balanced Pond: Filtration, Plants & Fish, Aeration and Treatments.

oneFILTRATION: Keeps water clean, healthy and safe. Filtration is essential when building a pond. Without it, your pond can become a toxic place for fish and overrun with algae blooms. There are two types of filtration to be aware of: Mechanical and Biological. Mechanical filters, like a skimmer, remove leaves and other debris that fall into the pond. Biological filters main job is to help jump start the nitrogen cycle to break down toxic ammonia from fish waste and other decaying matter to nature’s more useful form, nitrates.

onePLANTS & FISH: Plants are natural filters while fish add color and excitement. Aquatic Plants are a fundamental part of a pond’s ecosystem. Aquatic plants feed off of nutrients such as nitrates in the water which not only help plants flourish but also act as a natural clarifier, keeping the water clear. Cover approximately 60% of your pond with a variety of aquatic plants. Fish, such as koi and goldfish, can add color and excitement to any pond, however, too many can cause water quality issues. We recommend 1 to 2 koi or 2 to 3 goldfish per 200 gallons of water.

oneAERATION: Promotes pond and fish health. Aeration works from the bottom up, circulating water and increasing dissolved oxygen levels; exactly what fish need most. Waterfalls and fountain features alone can’t produce enough oxygen, but adding aeration kits such as PondAir™ and KoiAir™ can. They are also great for freezing climates where overwintering fish is a concern.

oneTREATMENTS: Keeping your pond balanced throughout the seasons. Filtration, plants & fish and aeration help create a delicate balance initially, but as the pond becomes established this can easily become undone from falling leaves and other debris, excessive fish waste, rainfall, excessive phosphates and pH fluctuations. Over time, these influxes can cause algae, murky water and other water quality issues. Water treatments help keep ponds from straying out of balance by breaking down waste, removing excess nutrients and maintaining clear water.